Alberta Murphy graduated from George Washington University Law School and earned a later degree from the University of Alabama School of Law. She had a private law practice in Tuscaloosa and taught political science for ten years at the University of Alabama.
Murphy was actively involved in voter registration throughout the state. She was a long-time member and president of the Tuscaloosa League of Women Voters. She's included in the organization's book, titled "Women Who Made a Difference in Alabama."
Murphy ran twice for the Democratic Party nomination for Alabama's 7th Congressional District. She also served on the Bryce Human Rights Committee. The group oversaw compliance with a court order requiring sweeping reforms in the treatment of the mentally ill in Alabama.
Murphy is survived by her son, attorney Stanley Jay Murphy, her daughter-in-law, a grandson and a step-grandson.